Blood of the People, Blood of The Earth:
An Examination Of The Role Of State-Sponsored Terrorism In The Oil-Producing Regions Of The Ex-Soviet
the utter collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 gave rise to many new political
situations that brought
years 1991 to 1994 were witness to the inherent consequences of the dissolution
of an empire, wherein formerly subjugated areas seek some sense of
self-sovereignty over foreign and domestic politics, economics, and social
issues. In the former
an investigation of
Overall, “the flawed structure of the Russian state is at the root of the difficult economic and political relationship between the center and the regions.”
In other words, the key to this entire
conflict lies within the poor structure of the Russian government and
economics. This problem has forced
First and foremost is the fact that
Secondly, the government of modern
Overall, these general fears have lead Russian policy down the road of terror-influenced intervention, and have helped devastate what should be a very strong economic region within the world economic community.
first major conflict in the Caucasus region occurred in the newly sovereign
First, the Russians actively promoted the
idea of a free Abkhazia, and in doing so, promoted the idea of Muslim
liberation from ethnic Christian Georgians. This idea was obviously taken up by
the Muslim and other non-Christian populations of the Province, as a number of
“acts of armed aggression and attacks” occurred in early 1992, which “caused
serious economic damage to the country.”
Secondly, after war broke out, many Russian government officials, government ministries and political parties continued to support the rebels with “political, military, economical, financial and moral aid,” and in keeping with old Soviet doctrine, provided “direct support…through the maintenance of training facilities.” With this, the Abkhazian separatist rebels proceeded with “radical ethnic cleansing of its multi-ethnic population and the destruction of its cities.” In the end, the majority of Abkhazia’s population (mostly Georgian Christians) had left, or were dead. In doing so, the Russian government undeniably allowed for, and supported the use of terrorism as a tactic to reach its own political and economic goals.
and rather importantly, the Russian government promoted the conflict amongst
Muslim populations elsewhere in the region-such as
the Russian quest for economic oil interests in
The second major conflict in the
Post-Soviet Caucasus occurred in the Russian region of
First, despite the undeniable prevalence
of terrorist groups within
Secondly, 1999 was witness to a number of
low-income apartment bombings in
However, Chechen rebels have no particular
grudge against poor exploited Russian civilians, as they are in a similar subordinate
position as the rebels themselves. It has been claimed instead, that the
bombings were carried out by Russian intelligence services and blamed on
Chechen rebels as an excuse to continue military operations in
Overall, the Chechen conflict has proven to be one of the most brutal and destructive conflicts of the post-soviet era, as due to indiscriminate attacks by the Russian military, the civilian population has been devastated, and the entire region of Chechnya has literally been bombed to rubble.
CONSEQUENCES - THE FUTURE CONFLICT
a doubt, with economics and power in mind, the Russian governments have acted
First, the government’s
attempts at strengthening
Secondly, Russian brutality in the region
has created conflict with Western Europe, particularly the European Union,
which staunchly opposes Russian tactics in the
Overall, Russian policy in the Caucasus has virtually destroyed
the economies of the region (with the exception of
It has been
said that “
The answer is complicated and there are no definite answers, but
certain symbolic precedents can indeed be seen. It was Caucasian oil that
launched the Soviet Union into the position of superpower, and it was this
region that provided the link between Asia and
In any case, whatever the logic of the Russian government and
military, the actions that were carried out in the Caucasus in the immediate
post-Soviet era were undoubtedly state-sponsored terrorism, and in the end,
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* Russian oil needs to be sent to the Middle East to be refined as
there are virtually no refineries in
 McCauley, Bandits, Gangsters And The Mafia, 388.
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